The credit of reviving the ancient art of 'Avadhana' in Kannada language goes to Shatavadhani
The art of 'Avadhana' is unique not only among the arts of India but also of the whole world.
Though Sanskrit language is the mother of this ancient art which requires the highest degree
of retention and poetic genius, it was in the caring hands of Kannada and Telugu languages
that this greatest of arts, which is a majestic confluence of talent, word-power,
scholasticism, hard work, entertainment and education, was cradled and nourished into its
present modified and attractive form. Kannada, in particular, shares a special bond with
this art. In spite of such closeness, this art form almost vanished from the scene of
Karnataka in the 20th Century. It was in the year 1981 that this glorious art reappeared
on the scene. This time, it was not merely a golden ray of hope, but a major comeback of
the forgotten art, which soon blossomed afresh and gradually grew up into a mighty tree
assuring shelter and guidance to the future aspirers. Dr. R.Ganesh, popularly known as
'Shatavadhani' created history by reviving, nourishing and re-establishing this art in
all its glory. He further unfolded the greater potentials of the art and popularized it
immensely in Karnataka.
'Avadhana' literally means 'perfect concentration' and uninterrupted contemplation on a
particular subject. The 'art of Avadhana' includes accomplishing many a challenging
intellectual feat simultaneously with great confidence and sportive zeal. 'Avadhana' not
only thoroughly entertains but also thrills the audience. The seemingly superhuman capacity
of the 'Avadhani' (the one who performs) fascinates the audience giving an interesting
insight into the unlimited potentials of the literary world. The whole art in itself is
much more than mere entertainment; it is rather educative revealing the various aspects of
word-power, poetry, retention, wit and powers of the intellect.
Alongside the beauty and charm of language and rhyme unfolded at each step of the Avadhana,
are values and philosophy presented with dignity and grace. Avadhana on the whole is a tonic
for the brain, entertainment to the mind, bliss and contentment to the heart and enlightenment
to life. Thanks to the genius and dedicated efforts of Shatavadhani Dr. R.Ganesh, this unique
art has seen its rebirth in the Kannada literary field.
Dr. R. Ganesh was born on the 4th of December, 1962, in Kolar town of Karnataka. His parents
were R.Shankar Narayan Aiyar and K.V.Alamelamma; his ancestors hailed from Devarayasamudram.
His primary and middle school education was at Bangalore city and high school education in
Gowribidanur. A graduate of Mechanical Engineering from the Vishweshwaraiah college of
Engineering, Bangalore, Dr. Ganesh holds an M.Sc degree in Material Science and Metallurgy
from the well-known Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. He also holds a Masters' in
Sanskrit from the Mysore University.
From the young age of ten, Dr. Ganesh cultivated a passion for literature and studied in
detail the great works of ancient poets in Sanskrit and Kannada. By the age of Sixteen,
he blossomed into a poet of high merit, introducing the classicalities of Meter, Rhyme,
Grammatical precision and traditionality into his style. He also mastered the unique art of
'Ashukavitva'- a style of reciting poems 'extempore' on any given topic. Detailed and deep
study of the various branches of Indian literature, arts and poetics further enriched his
inherent talent and style. At the age of Nineteen, he incidentally witnessed a session of
Sanskrit Avadhana, which inspired him to try the art himself. This was a landmark not only
in his life, but also in the history of 'Avadhana'. The very next day, amongst a group of
friends, he successfully ventured to perform a complete 'Ashtavadhana' !
This was his glorious entry into the field; he set out to perform hundreds of such Avadhanas,
capturing the hearts and admiration of the public. Ever since, he has been a perennial source
of entertainment, fascination and pride to lovers of art and literature. The first formal
public Avadhana of Dr.Ganesh was held at Kolar. Incidentally, his Hundredth and Two Hundredth
Avadhanas were also held there. So far he has successfully accomplished more than 400
Ashtavadhanas and three Shatavadhanas on various prestigious platforms at the state and
national levels. He has also performed in the American and European continents, giving the
world a taste of Indian brilliance and talent.
For Dr.Ganesh, Avadhana has never been merely an occupation or passion, but verily a sacred
penance; each feat of 'Avadhana' is a sacred worship where the onlookers are the Gods
themselves, whom he wishes to appease. His devotion and dignified attitude has added special
charm and sophistication to his performances. His vast knowledge, experience, extraordinary
talent, wit and wisdom amazes the audience.
There are usually Eight parts in an Ashtavadhana and some extra ones are added according to
the performers' capabilities, the number sometimes soaring to 10, 13, 100 or even 1000 !
The parts of Avadhana of Dr.Ganesh are many and varied - Classical Poetry, Extempore
(Atyaashudhaara), scholastic discussions of various scriptures, arts and sciences, vivid
commentaries are a few additions alongside the usual parts of Ashtavadhana. His performances
are marked with a wonderful sense of timing, healthy humour and interesting discussions.
Dr.Ganesh is one of the very few Avadhanis who is extremely innovative adding new dimensions
and aspects into his Avadhanas time and again. Thus the list of parts in his Avadhanas grow on.
'Chitra Kavitha' is one of the toughest and most challenging forms of Indian classical poetry,
which has never been dared before in any Avadhana. Dr.Ganesh is the one and only Avadhani to
have performed this, that too extempore, on stage in his Avadhanas ! This single feat perhaps
explains his genius and mastery over the art.
Dr.Ganesh preforms complete 'Avadhana' not only in Kannada but also in Sanskrit and Telugu and
is rightly known as 'Tribhashavadhani'. He is also an 'Ashtabhashavadhani', and can manage the
programme in eight languages simultaneously ! Some of his Avadhanas are sometimes based on
single topics, such as 'Ramayanavadhana'. 'Rashtravadhana', which he performed for the Kargil
martyrs was a unique tribute to the war heroes and greatly inspired patriotic sentiments
among the listeners. Dr.Ganesh has been the first and only 'Shatavadhani' of Karnataka. He
created a record in 1991 by performing a complete 'Shatavadhana' in a single day, which in
normal course would take 3-4 days. He achieved it composing 108 classic pieces of poetry and
in eight languages ! This was indeed an unheard of glorious adventure in the intellectual
He has also dared to perform the 'Ashtavadhana' within half an hour ! Another landmark in the
field of Avadhana is his 'Yugalavadhana' performance - a simultaneous 'Avadhana' in both
Sanskrit and Kannada languages !
Dr.Ganesh has not only mastered Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and English languages, but is also
proficient in Prakrit, Pali, Tamil, Hindi and Marathi. Ancient languages of Greek, Latin and
Italian have added to the treasure of his knowledge. He has to his credit the study and
knowledge of Greek Literature in its original textual form.
Dr.Ganesh has a deep and intimate knowledge of various forms of Indian classical music, dance,
sculpture, paintings and other fine arts. His views and commentaries on these subjects are rich
with deep introspective wisdom and unfold valuable information and ideas to performing artists
and lovers of art. He is well versed in various subjects like prosody (ChandasShastra-to do
with the Meter form), poetics (KavyaShastra), Veda, Vedantic scriptures, DharmaShastras,
History, Aesthetics, Grammar, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Technology etc. to name a few.
His knowledge of past and current affairs in various fields is indeed commendable. Research
and innovation are two fields where his contributions are everlasting.
His masterely thesis on the art of Avadhana in Kannada has been honoured with a D.Litt by the
Hampi University of Karnataka. All praise for this great work, Mahamahopadhyaya N.Ranganatha
Sharma exclaimed - 'This is a priceless contribution to Kannada Literature'. Applauding his
knowledge and mastery over prosody, the great scholar Sediyapu Krishna Bhatta said -
"Dr.Ganesh is the only poet who has understood my prosody (Chandas) to its depths". This goes
to say how difficult it is to find a poet, who in these days has mastered the charm and
substance of Prosody like Dr. Ganesh has.
Dr.Ganesh's knowledge of Aesthetics (Alankara Shastra) is extraordinarily vast. Complimenting
one of his masterly essays on Alankaras, Dr.K.Krishnamurthy, a scholar of international repute
exclaimed-"This single essay itself deserves a doctorate degree !". Another great scholar
opined of Dr.Ganesh's genius thus-"With half the intelligence of Dr.Ganesh, I would have
perhaps ruled over the intellectual world of the whole of South India !".
Dr.Ganesh has presented hundreds of research papers and his valuable views on various
subjects in Sanskrit, English and Kannada languages in prestigious National and
International seminars. His lectures and writings have impressed and educated all classes
of people; he has been successfully pioneering the spread of knowledge and culture. Logical
precision, clarity of subject, intuitive wisdom, vast knowledge of various subjects,
comprehendable and practical illustrations and examples, extremely attaractive oratory are
some significant features of his masterely presentations.
Dr.Ganesh has contributed a number of valuable works to the world of literature. More than
30 of these have been published, namely :
4. ShriChakreshwari Stavana
7. Kavitegondu Kathe
10. Neelakanthadeekshitana Shatakatraya
11. Shaddarshana Sangraha
13. Kannadadalli Avadhanakale
14. Kusumadevana Drishtantakalikaa Shataka mattu Neelakanthadeekshitana Shaantivilasa
15. Vibhootipurusha Vidyaranya
16. Human values iin the code of Kautilya
17. Human values in Manusmriti
18. Human values in Ramayana
19. Human values in Telugu Literature
20. Subhashita Samputa
Other than these, he has composed about 16 Kaavyas in Sanskrit, 12 Roopakas and a large number
of poems and songs in various languages. Some of his other commendable works are :
Kumaaraniruddha Parinaya (a Dwisandhana Kaavya) and seven other Kaavyas, 4 novels, several
stories, essays and articles on various topics. Many of these have been featured in journals,
monthlies, newspapers and magazines.
Majesty and sweetness go in harmony in his inimitable style of prose, which is an excellent
blend of Sanskrit and Kannada languages. His research-orientation, deep study and vast
knowledge are evident from the numerous referential sources and illustrations that bedeck his
'Kavya-Chitra', a unique show of parallel arts, which Dr.Ganesh has masterminded and performs
with the world reknowned painter Shri. B.K.S.Verma, is one of the latest jewels in his crown.
This superb feat of 'on the spot poetry and painting' has won great admiration from thousands
of people not only within the state and nation, but allover the world. 'Nirantara Kaavya Chitra' (non-stop Poetry-Painting) - one such combined feat of Dr.Ganesh and Verma which was held non-stop for 24 hours in the Rashtrothana Parishat in Bangalore (1997) is a record in itself. During this eventful feat, a fascinating chain of 181-poems extempore, by Dr.Ganesh, left the audience spellbound. 'Kaavya-Chitra' was performed in the Vishwa Kannada Sammelana at Houston in America, in the year 2000, which captured the imagination and appreciation of people. At around the same time 20 such performances were given in various parts of America and also in England.
Dr.Ganesh has a number of compositions like Suprabhatas, Stotras and songs on various deities.
Leading artists have sung these in cassettes which have been extremely popular. Cassettes
containing his narrations on Soundaryalahari, Harishchandra Kavya, Mankutimmana Kagga,
Subhashitas etc. have also been well received. He has composed exclusive dance and musical
lyrics which are being adapted by performing artists. He is also a modern 'Vaaggeyakara'
(Music composer) who has composed quality pieces like Tillanas, Padas, Kritis, Ragamaalika
Kritis etc. 'Bhamini', a unique dance show based on the Ashtanaayikas (Eight dancers) theme
of classical dance, is one of his creations which is rendered in the 'Yakshagana' style.
This has commanded great appreciation and is considered a landmark in the history of
'Krishnaarpanam' is one of his latest such additions to 'Yakshagana' which deals with the
divine love and relationship of the different women appearing in Shri Krishna's life.
Dr.Ganesh has himself participated and performed in some Yakshagana shows.
Dr.Ganesh has taught in the Ramaiah and R.V.College of Engineering. He has also served as the
Director of Sanskrit Department in the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavana, Bangalore. He is presently
working with the Jain International Residential School in Bangalore. He is the Director of
'Naimisha' Research and Foundation and also Chief Editor and guide of the 'Abhijnana'
His natural talent, learning, simplicity and nobility have won Dr.Ganesh a number of admirers.
A great many number of institutions and groups have recognised, honoured and felicitated him
and showered him with titles, praises, accolades and citations. 'Avilamba Saraswathi',
'Purusha Saraswathi', 'Kavyakantha' etc. are some of the prestigious titles conferred on him.
In recognition of his valuable contribution to the field of Sanskrit, Aradhana and poetry,
Government of Karnataka conferred on him the 'Rajyotsava Prashasthi' (State Award) for the
year 1992. The Kolar Jilla Sahitya Parishat has conferred on him the 'Best Sahiti' of the
A versatile scholar, Avadhani par excellence, poet, excellent orator and many more,
Shatavadhani Dr.R.Ganesh is a Literary Wizard, a precious treasure Mother India can be
Dr.J.Sadananda Shastry, an Avadhani in Kannada-Telugu languages praises Dr.Ganesh in the
below Sanskrit verse thus :
(Here, the poet fancies that Lord Ganesha, who wrote down the Mahabharatha epic dictated
by Maharshi Vyasa, has come down in human form of this 'Ganesh', with a genuine passion
to pursue his works in poetics and literature.)
A shloka in 'Kaavyakautuka of Bhatta Thautha' says :
(Two are the paths of the Goddess of learning - Knowledge and Poetry. The former owes its
birth to intelligence while the latter emerges effortlessly from talent inherent).
Dr.Ganesh who is gifted with both these attributes is verily the blessed son of Goddess
(written in kannada by Suryaprakash Pandit, translated into english by Arati B.)